Name: 
 

Scientific Method and Measurement



True/False
Indicate whether the sentence or statement is true or false.
 

 1. 

If an object had a density of greater than 1 gm/cm3 it would sink in water.
 

 2. 

The density of ice is less than 1 gm/cm3.
 

 3. 

There is no gravity on the moon.
 

Multiple Choice
Identify the letter of the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.
 

 4. 

A drawing of an atom is an example of
A.
classifying
B.
observing
C.
model making
D.
predicting
 

 5. 

The first step in any investigation is to
A.
draw conclusions
C.
collect data
B.
experiment
D.
identify a problem
 

 6. 

The standard unit for weight is a
A.
gram
B.
liter
C.
newton
D.
meter
 

 7. 

A tub of margarine is labeled 454 g, this tells us its
A.
volume
B.
density
C.
mass
D.
area
 

 8. 

I email a friend the results of my experiment, I am
A.
inferring
C.
classifying
B.
predicting
D.
communicating
 

 9. 

The basic SI unit for length is a
A.
liter
B.
gram
C.
newton
D.
meter
 

 10. 

The standard SI unit of mass is the
A.
kilogram
B.
liter
C.
pound
D.
density
 

 11. 

Mass is the
A.
weight of an object
C.
amount of matter in an object
B.
volume of an object
D.
measure of air in an object
 

 12. 

The measure of the force of gravity on an object is its
A.
mass
B.
weight
C.
volume
D.
density
 

 13. 

The SI was originally based on
A.
Earth
C.
Base 10
B.
Water
D.
all of the above
 

 14. 

In the pendulum lab experiment, if the same person held the string for all the trials this would be an example of a
A.
manipulated variable
C.
responding variable
B.
independent variable
D.
controlled variable
 

 15. 

When graphing data, the independent variable is plotted on the
A.
w-axis
B.
x-axis
C.
y-axis
D.
z-axis
 

 16. 

Stating the color of a shirt is an example of
A.
classifying
B.
observing
C.
inferring
D.
predicting
 

 17. 

In the lab experiment, the dependent variable was the
A.
number of swings per 30 seconds
C.
length of string
B.
number of washers
D.
length of arm
 

 18. 

The boiling point of water is  ___ oC.
A.
0
B.
32
C.
100
D.
212
 

 19. 

In the lab experiment we did in class, the changing of the number of washers or the length was the
A.
controlled variable
C.
fixed variable
B.
responding variable
D.
independent variable
 

 20. 

The basic SI unit for liquid volume is a
A.
liter
B.
gram
C.
meter
D.
newton
 

 21. 

What is the length(longest dimension) in SI units of cartoon 1?
A.
5.6 cm
B.
5.6 m
C.
5.6 mm
D.
3 inches
 

 22. 

What is the width (the second longest dimension) in SI units of cartoon 1?
A.
2.5 inches
B.
4.8 cm
C.
4.8 km
D.
2 inches
 

 23. 

What is the area of cartoon 1 in SI units( round your answer to the nearest tenth)?
A.
10.4 cm2
B.
26.9 cm3
C.
26.9 cm2
D.
10.4 inches
 

 24. 

If a box was 5 cm by 2 cm by 3 cm, what would be the volume?
A.
30 cm2
B.
10 cm3
C.
10 cm2
D.
30cm3
 

 25. 

You measure the mass of an object at 100g and the volume at 20 cm3.  What is its density?
A.
5 g/cm3
B.
5 g/cm2
C.
.2 g/cm3
D.
2000 g/cm3
 

 26. 

An object makes the water level in a graduated cylinder rise by 8 ml, you measure the mass at 32 g.  What is the density of the object?
A.
4 g
B.
4 g/cm3
C.
40 g/ml
D.
256 g/ml
 

Matching
 
 
A.
inferring
D.
communicating
B.
observing
E.
classifying
C.
predicting
 

 27. 

using senses to gather information about the world
 

 28. 

grouping items together by like properties
 

 29. 

explaining or interpreting observations
 

 30. 

sharing ideas or information with others
 

 31. 

making an inference about future events
 
 
A.
mega-
D.
centi-
B.
kilo-
E.
deci-
C.
milli-
 

 32. 

1/100
 

 33. 

1/10
 

 34. 

1000000
 

 35. 

1/1000
 

 36. 

1000
 



 
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